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PALATO RAFFINATO

PALATO RAFFINATO: eretica

2007 is the year of Equal Opportunities, and the aim of the European Parliament is to operate on national  and local policies even through the promotion and the revision of regulations and new disposals. But, in th meantime… In this third millennium there are still women that don’t have the right to keep their story, their religion, their language. They can’t have a schooling, they don’t know what freedom is, they don’t know concepts as comprehension, dignity and respect. Millions of them are still oppressed, ignored, trampled on, and they don’t have many opportunities to be and to grow up. Offer visibility to women’s point of view is important because it shows different ways and instruments on what happens every day around us, starting from a point of comprehension able to enrich us with different elements, the way cinema does. Wars, misdemeanours and social tensions, relational difficulties are seen through women’s eyes, they are the most effective way to make us think about humanity and women’s condition all around the world, but they are also a concrete way to overcome prejudices that still obstruct a real gender equity.

All these elements will be the topic of a section focused on heresy, a non competitive review made up of medium/full-lenght features, provocative films in comparison to the usual general topics. Films-reportage to give feminine worldwide stories a voice, a face and a sense.

Monforte d’Alba, seat of the festival’s organizing committee, is also one of the place where the Catharist heresy originated; the Countess Berta, name of the committee, is the feudatory woman sent to the stake because of her belonging to the Catharism. The movies, selected with a particular attention, underline heretical aspects par excellence: arbitrary choices concerning aesthetic, content and formal aspects, where the feminine keeps one of its part in the limelight, thanks to a truly heretical mean: the look.

This section will be related to the provocative encounter taking place on Sunday June 10th Puslen cremar que renonciar (Better burning than giving up) – inspired by an ancient Catharist saying – to the exhibition Freimas d’Occitan, about Provençal women and cooking, and to the first edition of the Prize LA CONTESSA BERTA 2007. Moreover, to every portrait offered by the director Piero Cannizzaro, a search about the Food of Souls that begins with the abandonment of seclusion and ends “inside”, corresponds a dignified and respectful feminine portrait.

Food and religion
The relationship between food and religion is perhaps on the richest and complex topics. Let’s just think of big religions, the importance of fast, offer, waste, restriction. Christianity underlines the mistery of God becoming food, bread and wine given to the believers in order to feed them.

Heresy
The word “heresy” comes from the Greek word αιρεσις, hairesis, meaning both a choice of creed and a group of dissident believers. Using an informal register, this word is used to indicate an opinion in disagreement with the most reliable thesis about a topic. From an historical point of view, we don’t have to forget that an heresy has always various and profound political, social and economic implications, conditioning and determining its character. This word’s etymological meaning takes us to a fundamental concept: “the choice”, the possibility to make a selection among all the experiences being part of our cultural heritage during our whole life. The possibility of choosing is a property of all the human beings that choose by instinct, conditioning, reasoning.

The food’s heresy
Gastronomical art is heretical. It opposes and clashes with the feeding’s fundamental rule/function, which is need and survival. The fact that human beings consider cuisine as art, pleasure, culture, having for this reason an aesthetic aim, represents an heresy in comparison to the dogma food=survival. The heresy gains its completeness because food, passing through an artistic-aesthetic refined manipulation, becomes a mean of pleasure.

Selected works:

  • RITRATTI DALLA SICILIA “STORIE DI DOLCI”/PORTRAITS FROM SICILY “TALES OF SWEETS”
    Piero Cannizzaro
    , Italy 2005, 18'

This is the story of Sicilian poverty during the ‘40s and ‘50s. Set in Erice, famous for its millenary tradition of sweets prepared in the numerous convents of this town’s beautiful medieval village. “Tales of Sweets” tells the story of Maria Grammatico, who grew up in a cloister managed by nuns that guarded ancient recipes of the finest pastry-making. Her story begins just in S.Carlo cloister at Erice. Here, secretly, she “stole” and learn by heart, in several ways, the jealous nuns’ recipes. When she left the cloister, she found the strength and the determination to open up a pastry shop using the techniques and the ingredients of an art that was going to disappear. Currently Maria Grammatico is one of the very caretakers of Sicilian patry-making art and is the only one that prepares them exactly the way they did one upon a time.

Awards: Prize Academia Barilla 2005 - Prize Hermes Lecce 2005 - Prize of the public at the International Festival of the Mediterranean Cultures at Bosa 2006.

  • IL CIBO DELL’ANIMA. STORIE DI CLAUSURA/THE FOOD OF FOOD. CLOISTER’S TALES
    Piero Cannizzaro
    , Italy 2007, 34’

Set among the hills of Macerata’s province, in a cloister run by Benedictine nuns, his is a story about their life beyond the grating. The name ‘cloister’ comes from ‘plaustrum’, a fenced in, bounded place that nuns never leave, with certain rare exceptions. In the cloister they all they need: corn, sausages, vegetables, fruits, eggs. The Benedictine nuns of Monte S.Martino, that follow Saint Benedict’s rule “praise and work”, have many different occupations: they paint and embroid sacred subjects, the time beaten by spiritual activities like praying, singing and attending vespers. Their meals are moments of sharing, but not in uproar, lunch is a liturgy, a way to “praise the Lord” because prayer and food are two “instruments” that make them feel well. In conclusion, the Mother Abbess tells why they gave their permission to open the cloister’s doors to make this documentary.

  •  IL CIBO DELL’ANIMA. STORIE EBRAICHE / THE FOOD OF SOUL. JEWISH TALES
    Piero Cannizzaro
    , Italy 2007, 24’

The story turns around Donatella Limentani, a Jewess that lives in Rome and has devoted her life to collect traditional Jewish recipes, transmitted orally in the past. Shot in the ghetto of Rome, this documentary, through several witnesses of orthodox people, offers us a cross-section of this very ancient religion. A journey through the tastes and colours of Askhenazi and Sephard dishes, between rituals and recipes prescriptions born from the encounter of various cultures and long separations. After all, a journey through memory.

  •  IL CIBO DELL’ANIMA. STORIE DELL’ISLAM/THE FOOD OF SOUL. ISLAMIC TALES
    Piero Cannizzaro
    , Italy 2007, 31’

The story is set in Turin and the protagonist is Abdelaziz, one of the city’s Imams: open to the dialogue with other communities, eager to create a solid relationship with Western culture, he leads us in the Muslim  fascinating world. In this testimony, the sociologist Khaled Fouad Allam tells how much tastes and flavours are bound to the memories of his childhood in Algeria; the researcher Nesa Elouafi tells us about how food could help us in pulling cultural differences down, while the Iranian writer Hamid Ziarati stresses on how Israelis and Palestinians, according to food, made peace with each other so many years ago. The director Vacis and Eric Vassallo talk about how Turin is looking for a point of communication among cultures just through food. In the end, Mohamed talks about his Middle-Eastern pastry shop, which is now a point of reference not only for the Arabic community, but all Turinese people.

  • IL CIBO DELL’ANIMA. STORIE VALDESI/THE FOOD OF SOUL. WALDENSIAN TALES.
    Piero Cannizzaro
    , Italy 2007, 26’

This is a real journey in the Waldensian territory, where we meet different people living in Val Pellice, like a shepherdess, or Walter Eynard, whose restaurant offers examples of the Waldensian cooking, as well as some meat and cheese producers who melt the territory’s taste to their religious identity. The Waldenses belong to a movement of renewal, risen in the XII sec., that foretells the poverty and the return to the Gospel. They had many historical vicissitudes, slaughters and `rehabilitations'; they have several communities, spread all over Italy, above all in Piedmontese and Lombard valleys. Thanks to this geographic position, the communities’ traditional feeding shows a typical Northern taste: a cooking deeply tied to history and environment, which recalls situations connected to the permanence or the passage of different populations.

THE FOOD OF SOUL is a project Cannizzaro will develop through 8 works – Buddhist Tales, Islamic Tales, Waldensian Tales, Sikh Tales, Osho Tales, Cloister’s Tales, Franciscan Tales, Jewish Tales – set in spiritual communities focusing is attention on food and spirituality. These two elements have always had a strong connection: food is history and culture, memory and taste, a ritual and symbolic concept, encounter and integration. The knowledge of food habits helps to understand in a better way different cultures’ identity, as well as disorientation, uneasiness, and the need of communication many immigrants have. it.

Piero Cannizzaro wrote and directed many documentaries, both for radio and TV, which took part in Italian and international festivals, such as: Festival Cinema Giovani of Torino 1990; Festival Rimini Cinema 1991; S.Benedetto del Tronto; Brussels; Ankara; Belgrade; Festival of Rovereto 1996 (I° prize); Festival of Istanbul 1999 (Special Mention); Este Cinema 2000 (2° prize); Maremma Doc Festival 2001 (Special Mention); Premio Ustica 99 (Special Mention).

  • FILO DI LUCE / A THREAD OF LIGHT
    Michele Fasano
    , Italy 2004, 56’

Raman is a ten-year-old Indian girl, of Sikh religion, who arrived in Italy together with her mother when she was four. She doesn’t remember anything about Punjab, her father’s place of origin, who emigrated to the Po Plain six years before his wife, to work as a milker in a farm. Raman is happy to live in the countryside because she likes “silent landscapes”. But after a vacation in Punjab, where she kept in touch with her father’s land, she came back to Italy with a lot of questions, beginning a comparison between her land of origin and the one that hosts her and she feels her home. She visits a guru of Vescovato’s Sikh temple, looking for answers. From the guru’s tales emerge principles of respect for other cultures, other religions and for nature’s biodiversity. Therefore, the child realizes that, in the past, she had already had those thoughts, unconsciously, while she was “listening” to he countryside’s silent landscape, as she says, while cars and machines stop.

  • RITRATTO DI ALTINÈ NELLA STAGIONE SECCA / A PORTRAIT OF ALTINÈ IN THE DRY SEASON
    Elisa Mereghetti
    , Italy 1999, 25’

Altinè is one Peul woman - one of the originally nomadic groups of the Sahel - and lives in a small village in the Ferlo Desert, Senegal. Every day she takes three hours to go and draw water from a well, then she gathers firewood, she cooks and takes care of the children. Altinè is the repository of values, culture and knowledge of human adaptation to the Sahel’s difficult environmental context. She knows how to manage insufficient water supplies to cook, to wash, to take care of her family’s needs and to till a little bit that barren land. The documentary shows her daily life during the dry season.

Award: Prize for Best film - Right To Have Rights, International Human Rights Film Festival , Modena 2001; “Acque del Terzo Millennio”  Prize – L’avventura dell’uomo  International Festival, Castellana Grotte 2001; Prize for the Best documentary - Videodonna Festival, Bologna 1999; Special Mention - Maremma Doc Festival, Pitigliano 1999; Special Mention - “Premio Libero Bizzarri”, San Benedetto del Tronto 1999 Astra Film Festival; Sibiu (Rumania) 2000 International Festival of Ethnographic and Anthropological film, Parnu (Estonia) 1999; Welcome Bienvenus, video review competition Genoa 1999

  • INTRECCI: DONNE E AZIONI POSITIVE / INTERLACES: WOMEN AND POSITIVE ACTIONS
    Marco De Poli / Giovanna Cossia,
    Italy 2001, 20’

In the uncertain and apprehensive atmosphere around Genoa’s G8, many organizations of Italian and international women, coming from all over the world, set up an animated debate called: “gender and globalization”, to offer a space of widening and exchange and to try to find out a possible alternative  to the vision of the world proposed by the Club of the nations acknowledging themselves with the G8 acronym. In Genoa it took place also an experiment of Brazilian female cooperation, the radio program ‘Fala Mulher’: one of women female creative potentialities’ many examples. This work was made by  Interlaces, monthly TV magazine distributed since January 2000 by ADN Kronos to a circuit of 110 local televisions - it is the first organic attempt in Italy to give voices and faces to Southern situations, to talk about possible contacts with our culture; to widen the “glances” on a world more and more interdependent, and to offer subjects to discussion about important problems, still unsolved at the new millennium’s thresholds. It is promoted by the NGO Gruppo per le Relazioni Transculturali, with the support of the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs – General Department for the Cooperation to development, and it was made by URIHI Associations, edited by Giovanna Cossia and Marco De Poli.

  • SIGNS OUT OF TIME
    Donna Read / Starhawk
    , USA 2004, 60’

Luciana Percovich tells about her encounter with Marija Gimbutas, fond studious of the ancient culture of the Goddess Mother. A woman who read the past’s testimonies with the aware eyes of woman. Its reconstruction of the archaic past brought afloat the cancelled presence of the feminine in history. Hers is a complete reversal of perspective about European culture’s origins. We should come back, then, to what happened 5000 years ago, long time before appearance of the a Indo-European cultures: we could see a not acknowledged Ancient European culture, a polycentric one, devoid of commanding central authorities, that didn’t know the use of weapons, and that probably represented its conception of life with the Goddess symbol, connected with the cycle of nature, death, regeneration and new beginning.

  • THE BURNING TIMES
    Donna Read
    , Canada 1990, 55’

This video reconstructs the Witch Hunt period that originated, from its ashes, modern western civilization. Read analyzes this phenomenon suggesting three different surveys that melt together thanks to cinema narration. Beside interviews to historians, journalists and feminist authors, we have a wide iconographic display and some texts extrapolated by demonology treatises. The documentary reconstructs accurately, in accordance with a strict historiographical method, the salient moments of a path that, through the centuries, led to the demonization of the feminine knowledge, of which women were progressively dispossessed, in a violent and persecutory way. A moving documentary that can be appreciated by a wide audience thanks to its language which turns out to be more immediate and effective than a written text.

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Numero di visite: 4025